A People's History of the Portuguese Revolution
On the 25th April 1974, a coup destroyed the ranks of Portugal's fascist Estado Novo government as the Portuguese people flooded the streets of Lisbon, placing red carnations in the barrels of guns and demanding a `land for those who work in it'.
This became the Carnation Revolution - an international coalition of working class and social movements, which also incited struggles for independence in Portugal's African colonies, the rebellion of the young military captains in the national armed forces and the uprising of Portugal's long-oppressed working classes. It was through the organising power of these diverse movements that a popular-front government was instituted and Portugal withdrew from its overseas colonies.
Cutting against the grain of mainstream accounts, Raquel Cardeira Varela explores the role of trade unions, artists and women in the revolution, providing a rich account of the challenges faced and the victories gained through revolutionary means.
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What Reviewers Are Saying
'An excellent, well-written, and radical introduction to a complex and immensely important history. Varela has reconstructed the Portuguese Revolution of 1974-75 consistently from the perspective of workers and peasants, revealing the strong impact of African forced labourers' struggles in Portugal's colonies on events in the "mother country"' -- Marcel van der Linden, International Institute of Social History 'Lively, brilliantly documented and filled with the voices of Portugal's ordinary people, Raquel Varela's book recovers the revolution from below that shook Portugal in 1974-5, a 'democratic transition' that revealed another world is possible. This book deserves the widest circulation' -- Colin Barker, author of 'Festival of the Oppressed: solidarity, reform and revolution in Poland, 1980-81'