An examination of how early immigrant communities (German, Welsh, Polish, Italian) changed the geographical shape of the city. Group identity was so strong that even a century after the first peoples began to arrive, different neighbourhoods, and even larger sections of the city, retained the imprint of the immigrants. It is also the story of adaptive strategies followed by each community in responding to economic and social constraints imposed upon it. The study is oriented to the spatial perspective of the urban cultural geography. The internal movement of the groups is traced and the rationale for the particular directions of movement is related to physical, economic and cultural factors.