This text explores the nature of language and the nature of the English language, particularly its grammar and meaning. The study of language is presented as an ongoing process of analysis and discovery to provide future teachers with the critical skills necessary for linguistic analysis. The coverage of grammar synthesizes traditional grammar with modern linguistic approaches and insights, and incorporates exercises throughout, along with chapter outlines, work examples and chapter summaries. The text discusses linguistic variation and relates important issues raised concerning the values and attitudes associated with social, ethnic and gender varieties, to education. It also covers both tree diagramming and Reed/Kellogg systems.