The object of this book is to discuss the attitude of Ireland to the issues involved in trade policy towards developing countries. Of all the European Community (EC) member states, Ireland has traditionally been one of the more protection-minded. As a peripheral semi-industrialized country sharing many characteristics with the newly industrialized countries, it has often felt threatened by moves to open-up access by the developing countries to the Community's market. Irish transfers under the Common Agricultural Policy are threatened by agricultural trade liberalization. The Irish textile and clothing industry has been losing ground both on the home and traditional export markets to imports from the developing world. Ireland has, along with France, been one of the principal users of Article 115 which restricts indirect imports. At the same time, Ireland has been quite successful in exploiting the emerging markets in the Third World, particularly in the Middle East, and overall has a positive balance on its trade with the developing countries.
This book examines the dilemmas posed by trade liberalization for the Irish economy against the background of Irish trade flows with the developing countries.