This is the third book in this series written by some of the world's leading cartographers. This volume identifies the challenges facing cartography and hence cartographic education in the latter part of the 20th century. It introduces an important new theoretical concept - a "New Cartography". There is a section on cartographic education in developing countries which has been written by authors from the Third World together with cartographers from the industrialized northern hemisphere with extensive experience in the field. Although this is not a teaching text it is of direct relevance to all colleges and universities teaching cartography especially to those responsible for the development of curriculum.