The IPD examination system provides a unique route into professional personnel practice. The "Management Studies" series has been designed for IPD students. Management Studies I provides practical introductory texts ideally suited to students on the Professional Management Foundation Programme while Management Studies 2 covers the core subject areas of the IPD Stage 2 syllabus. All these texts will prove equally useful for practising managers who wish to enhance their understanding of contemporary management techniques and methods. Making the most of the constant contact which exists between managers and staff is the essence of employee relations. In this book David Farnham examines the concepts and contexts, parties and processes, which form the cornerstones of employee relations. Part 2 turns to the key management issues: collective bargaining; employee involvement and representation; industrial action; and the role of the state. Throughout, assignments help students deepen their knowledge and apply their skills to practical examples.