This highly topical book examines the development and future prospects for economic and monetary union in Europe. "European Monetary Integration" examines the background to economic and monetary union from an historical perspective that distinguishes between national and supranational currency areas, and an optimal currency area theory. The gradualist transition process in also considered. The authors, leading academics from five European countries, consider the principle economic policies to be followed in achieving economic and monetary union. The role of the European central banks and monetary policy is examined, along with fiscal policy in monetary union and the operation and policies of the labour markets. The authors discuss the economic relationships between the Euro-area and other European economies including the transition and accession economies of Eastern Europe.