This work features original essays from leading scholars in the discipline - each of which address the question: how should economists do economics? What emerges is a diverse, constructive commentary on how economics is done and how it should be done. Leading thinkers from a wide variety of perspectives and fields address issues such as the scope of economics, the corpus of theory and its stature, the process of theory construction, the place of mathematical formalism, the role of quantitative analysis, the place of institutions in economic analysis, and, inter alia, technical methods of research. "Foundations of reasearch in economics: how do economists do economics?" brings together some of the leading figures from many different schools of thought. This volume ranges across all aspects of professional discourse, ensuring that it will be widely read by economists active in many different areas of research while being of particular interest to economic theorists, methodologists and historians of economics.