"The Southern Review" provided an examination of the cultural life of the period of the 1930s and 40s an American literary and cultural thought. In its pages appeared the early work of such writers as Katherine Anne Porter, Eudora Welty, Mary McCarthy, and other southern luminaries. It also served as a platform for the political, cultural, and social history of the time. It became the centre of the New Criticism and the various ideological conflicts associated with that movement. This study examines the place the journal held in shaping American literary thought.