The volume describes the proceedings of a Dialogue at which experts in traditional systems of medicine, researchers and clinicians in allopathy, health administrators, policy makers and media representatives discussed the role of traditional medicine in HIV / AIDS. Describing the actual herbal remedies in Ayurveda and the other systems which have been clinically evaluated, list the constraints and problems encountered and ends with a series of suggestions and recommendations for further work. It appears apparent that the traditional systems of medicine have a major beneficial effect by enhancing immunity on the HIV / AIDS related symptoms. Further research would demonstrate whether there is also an effect on the HIV virus. It imparts information researchers and health administrators, both in the developing and the developed countries, on the current status of work on HIV / AIDS and traditional medicine in India. Provides us a set of clear guidelines as to what needs to be done for better and more effective use of standardized herbal remedies of these systems in HIV / AIDS.