This text is written for individuals and organizations working to promote the rights of children in the justice system. It explores practical problems relating to youth justice reform, drawing on the work or government and non-government agencies in nine countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Although dwarfed by wider social and economic governance problems, youth crime is an area of social policy, dealing with growing numbers of children and young people who have been marginalized and displaced by conflict and rapid socio-economic change. Core themes include: child law reform; influencing practice within the formal justice system; urbanization and issues of justice; traditional systems; and conflict, war crimes and children. Whilst this book has been primarily written for policy-makers and students working in developing countries, many of the themes show an increasing convergence of problems between North and South: it should therefore be of interest to a wider international audience in both developed and developing countries.