Sexual exploitation of under-age girls and boys is now an issue of global concern. The 1996 World Congress against the Sexual Exploitation of Children discussed methods of international cooperation. This book provides the context for this debate and investigates: the various parts played by poverty, cultural attitudes, tradition and pure commerical greed; the different sex work experiences of girls and boys; and personal stories through a number of case studies. The book also quotes the current legislation which relates specifically to these issues and looks into ways in which the problem of sexually exploited children can be addressed, focusing its attention on the need for: good information and research; rehabilitation; protection; prevention; participation; and coordination. This text echoes the World Congress's call to act by presenting a number of workable recommendations for action to curtail the trade in children and to make their lives more secure.