Diana Winterbotham, the Lancashire Local Studies Librarian since 1971, retired in March 1993. To mark her outstanding contribution to local history, and to thank her for her work over many years, this book has been written in her honour. A group of leading Lancashire historians has written "Lancashire Local Studies", which includes seven completely new studies looking in depth at different aspects of Lancashire's varied and fascinating history. Each is written by an expert, and each presents the fruits of new research and new interpretations. The subjects are wide-ranging and diverse: the medieval Lancashire landscape; Lancashire on the fourteenth-century Gough Map; geese in Lancashire, 1550-1850; seventeenth-century Toxteth Park; manure in Lancashire agriculture; two-up and two-down housing; and the early history of cycling in the county.