This volume commemorates Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-197), educator, psychologist, and philosopher. His developmental theory, research program, and educational practices began a dialogue that expanded and strengthened our conceptions of morality. yet Kohlberg's legacy reaches beyond traditional areas of inquiry in moral psychology. Grounding his theory in the writings of Piaget, Kohlberg addressed conceptions of justice, cross-cultural universality of moral judgements, gender identity and sex-typed behavior, motivation, moral education, and the relationship between moral judgement and moral action. The contributions in this volume of New Directions for Child Development exemplify the influence of Kohlbreg's revolutionary ideas on eleven scholars in four of those areas: gender identification, universality in moral judgement, moral reaoning and conduct, and moral education. This is the 47th issue of New Directions for Child Development. For more information on the series, please see the Journals and Periodicals page.