Written in 1984 during his "Cambridge amateur" period, this was the author's first phase explication of his daring alternative science. It is the most important of his early works. Commencing with a riposte to the cultural materialist trend in anthropology, the thesis branches out over various disciplines, attempting to expand upon leitmotifs supplied in the early chapters. There are critical surveys of evolutionist thought, anthropological theories, the history of science, the history of religions, psychological theories, mind-brain philosophy, Western philosophy and sociological theories. A polymathic ideal is expressed in part one, while the extension in critical surveys comprises part two, which forms the main bulk of the book.