"Modern Welfare States" analyzes the political, economic, and social challenges facing three small, affluent, industrialized democracies: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The emphasis is contemporary, but the analysis cover political history, governmental institutions, policy making, parties, interest groups, political socialization and political culture. The focus upon transfer payments, social welfare policy, economic planning, labour market measures, industrial relations, and measures to promote economic and industrial democracy comprise what the authors call the Scandinavian model. This model is the main source of foreign interest in Scandinavian politics, contemporary history, and social science. The comparative and interdisciplinary focus within Scandinavia (upon three countries, rather than a single one) sharpen the book's theme and will appeal to a broader audience than a single-country study.