Traditional techniques for the assessment and remediation of contamination have technical, financial and practical limitations. An increasing number of "innovative" techniques are available within the UK, many of which have an established track record overseas. This report provides a review of such techniques and includes a series of case studies that illustrate their application to both radionuclide and non-radionuclide contamination issues in the UK. Case studies included in the report show that non-biological remediation technologies can cost-effectively treat a range of contaminants under redevelopment, transaction or proactive risk management scenario. The case studies selected are representative of many of the technologies in commercial use in the UK, but also include a number of field trials illustrating the application of technologies that show potential for application on a commercial scale.