The International Conference on Occupational Radiation Protection, held in Geneva in August 2002, was the first international conference covering the whole area of occupational radiation protection. A number of specific recommendations emerged from the Conference, which noted that, in general terms, occupational radiation protection over the past few decades has been a success story for the international radiation protection community. Consistently improving trends are found in many key performance indicators, but the picture is not so clear or encouraging for exposures in medicine and industry, nor for exposures to natural sources, especially in the mining of ores other than uranium. This is important, as these are the principal types of exposure encountered globally. A CD-ROM of contributed papers is included.