There is an increasing awareness of the benefits of the day case surgery for children. This text brings together the relevant practical anaesthetic, surgical, nursing, and administrative aspects of the provision of a modern paediatric day case surgical service. Preoperative assessment and patient selection, patient preparation, postoperative care, and follow-up are covered in detail. The surgical techniques are described and illustrated in colour with clinical and operative photographs. Modern methods of balanced anaesthesia and analgesia for paediatric day case surgery are detailed.