Many existing commercial port facilities are already obsolete. In order to promote trading competitiveness and economic development, the overall role of ports must be considered more realistically and acutely. This book focuses on the evaluation of seaport planning and development - criteria, requirements and technology. It analyzes capacity needs in the light of new technology and feasibility of future development and examines the effects of new concepts on the technological environments of ocean transport. Emphasis is placed on the development of a methodology of forecasts of commodity flow shipping activity, and suggestions for practical model design for the analysis of different port uses and for optimizing port investment and operational decisions. The book also covers: land/water interfaces, intermodal transportation, labor, Port Master Planning, cost/benefit studies, physical developments of ports, and the increasing role of international, multi-national and governmental financing, in particular as it affects policy and future development.