Accurately measuring and modeling the residential end uses of water is the Achilles heel of urban water planning. Good information on how consumers use water in their homes is difficult and costly to gather. Yet, understanding where water is put to use by the consumer is critical information for utilities, planners, engineers and conservation professionals. That is why AWWA Research Foundation underwrote Residential End Uses of Water. Researchers used state-of-the-art surveys, data loggers and trace analysis equipment to create the most up-to-date database of how water is used in North American single-family homes. Residential End Uses of Water not only provides the results of this important study, it also includes sophisticated predictive models that you can use to forecast future residential water use in your service area. Get specific answers to such critical water use questions as: Where is water used in single-family homes? How much water is used for faucets, toilets, showers, clothes washers, lawns and gardens, dishwashers and all other purposes? How do weather, climate, water prices, home size, family income and other factors affect residential water use?
How does water use differ in households equipped with water-conserving fixtures? How can residential water be predicted? This information will help you determine the effectiveness of your conservation programs so you can improve their design, as well as justify their continued use. Just as importantly, the information in this report will help you predict future water usage so you can better plan for long-term capital investment in your water system.