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Secret War

Americans in China, 1944-45

By (author) Oliver J. Caldwell
Format: Hardback
Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, United States
Published: 1st May 1972
Dimensions: w 140mm h 220mm d 25mm
Weight: 458g
ISBN-10: 0809305453
ISBN-13: 9780809305452
Barcode No: 9780809305452
In 1943 Captain Caldwell, born in China, is given a high OSS commission and shipped off to work with Chiang Kai-shek s secret police chief, Tai Li; he becomes convinced that the corruption and bestiality of Chiang s regime will pull it down. In this extraordinarily direct narrative, Caldwell contrasts the government s unabashed aping of fascist models with the beauty of the countryside and the culture and the ordeal of the people. He recalls that in the Chinese wartime capital $15,000 could buy a 1942 Buick made in Japan in exchange for such luxury items the Nationalists were selling food and medicine to the Japanese. The Kuomintang fed so many secrets to the Japanese that Caldwell was assigned to spy on Chiang s men to protect U.S. secrets. He eventually dispatches an anti-Chiang memo to FDR, but nothing is heard, and he champions the cause of a Mr. Chen, officer of a large secret society, as head of a potentially moderate post-Chiang government. Late in the war he meets John Birch, who he recalls was killed assaulting a Communist border officer. Years later he hears that FDR had taken a favorable view of his memo, but Admiral Leahy pushed for continued backing of Chiang. This puzzling insistence, the training of secret police and military who never fight the Japanese, and the curious activities of some U.S. units might be explained by General Donovan s remarks to Caldwell to the effect that America had won a war but not the peace. That could only come after a greater future war and the defeat of Marxism. Caldwell does not pursue this conclusion but allows the reader to deduce his own from a rich compilation of data. For its sharp focus of Chiang s regime and its insights into U.S. policy and the effects on Chinese history, the book has broad and unmistakable value. "

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In a readable and informal style this former OSS agent recounts with interesting details his frustrating experience in China during World War II As one knowledgeable with the Chinese way of life Caldwell provides Sinologists and China watchers of all degrees of expertise with intimate details of why Chiang Kai-shek lost the loyalty and support of his people Illuminating sketches are given of such figures as Vinegar Joe Stilwell, Wild Bill Donovan, John Birch, John Service, and General Tai Li. "History""