A one-volume reference of techniques used by the metallurgical microscopist. Contains an introduction to the instrumentation and methods of scanning electron microscopy with historical as well as state-of-the-art methodologies. Theory and practice are combined so that the reader can easily understand and duplicate the procedures. Appropriate references are cited for additional information on specific topics. The major topics are SEM instrumentation, photography, energy dispersive spectroscopy, introduction to sample preparation, polished samples, fracture surfaces, replicas and thin films. This manual not only details the practical ohow too aspects of SEM techniques, but it also clarifies their theoretical foundations. This combination fulfils the need for a single source of traditional and current topics in SEM designed specifically for the metallurgist.