There are an estimated 100,000 children from countries all over the world who come to Western Europe as refugees and without their family. This report is a comprehensive analysis of why these vulnerable children travel and how they do it. It is based on interviews with separated children in the field, plus documentary research and it explores the issues that lead children to flee from their home country - persecution, armed conflict, poverty, family issues, etc. And it looks at the often perilous journeys these children make and the situations they face on arrival in Western Europe. The report offers: an overview of the phenomenon of separated children who come to Western Europe; detailed recommendations to policy-makers, politicians and researchers and working in this area; numerous case studies giving insight into how individual lives are affected.