This volume comprises the classic articles on methods of identification and estimation of simultaneous equations econometric models. It includes path-breaking contributions by Trygve Haavelmo an Tjalling Koopmans, who founded the subject and received Nobel prizes for their work. It presents original articles that developed and analysed the leading methods for estimating the parameters of simlutaneous equations systems: instrumental variables, indirect least squares, generalized least squares, two-stage and three-stage least squares, and maximum likeliood. Many of the articles are not readily accessible to readers in any other form. The book will be invaluable to anyone interested in understanding simultaneous-equations me econometrics.