Each of the contributions, differing in approach and format, deal with the responses to the Spanish Civil War of a number of writers from Britain, Canada and the US. Donald Hannah discusses the poets of the Auden group, comparing their work with the poetry of the first world war. Jorn Carlsen summarises the debate on Spain in Canadian newspapers and periodicals and surveys the impact of the war on Canadian fiction and poetry. Erik Arne Hansen in a multi-faceted approach to Hemingway's oeuvre offers an extended analysis of 'For Whom the Bell Tolls'. And Anders Iversen contributes a critical reading of 'Homage to Catalonia' with a view to relating Orwell's Spanish experience to his political development.