From an international perspective the Swedish economy has some unique features and therefore affords a most interesting model for researchers in economic history. The country has experimented with numerous economic strategies including pre-Keynesian policies in the 1930s, active labour market policies and an extensive welfare system. This book covers the most important aspects of the Swedish economy: two brief sections concerning historiography and offering a general background to the subject are followed by a selection of articles on demography, migration, the labour market, agriculture, industrialization, transport, trade, industrial organization, finance and economic policy. The volume brings together a unique and comprehensive collection of the most significant studies on the development of the Swedish economy since 1870. Several of the contributions appear for the first time in English.