In October 2004, the cities of Delft and Antwerp were the scenes of the EAAE conference and the 'European City'. This international conference was jointly organized by the Delft University of Technology and the Antwerp Higher Institute of Architectural Sciences Henry van de Velde. The conference focused on the Interaction between 'Architectural Interventions and Urban Transformations', both now and in the past. The history of Western architecture is intimately bound to the development of the European city. From the Antiquity to Gothic times; to the ages of the Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism; to the industrial era, the subsequent urban architectures determined the characteristic composite form of the European city. The conference investigated the role and impact of architectural projects on the formal identity of the European city. For this purpose, the following questions were asked: 'In what way do architectural interventions contribute to and catalyze the process of transformation and renewal of existing urban areas, both in the past and now?
Which are the programmes, typologies and architectural languages that anticipate these continuous processes of urban transformation in Europe?' But also; 'Can the architectural idea of a 'European city' still persist, in a time of ongoing globalization, or has it by now become an anachronism?'