Countless attempts have been made to appropriate the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche for diverse cultural and political ends, but nowhere have these efforts been more sustained and of greater consequence than in Germany. This is a chronicle of the philosopher's presence in German life and politics from before the turn of the century through the recent reunification. Nietzsche, the philosopher who claimed he would never have disciples, emerges as a thinker whose work crucially influenced - and was recast to fit - a multitude of contradictory projects. Anarchists, feminists, Nazis, religious cultists, socialists, Marxists, vegetarians, avant-garde artists, devotees of physical culture and arch-conservatives are some of the groups that marched under a Nietzschean banner. Aschheim explores Nietzsche's significance for Thomas Mann, Martin Heidegger and Carl Jung, as well as lesser-known thinkers. He provides an account of the link between Nietzsche and National Socialism and explores the ubiquity of Nietzsche within the major tensions of contemporary German history.