These two volumes present papers on the history of mass production and highlight crucial debates in the attempt to understand the phenomenon and its social and economic effects. The selection focuses on six themes. Volume One opens with an exploration of the antecedents to mass production and an investigation of the mechanical, economic and social roots of the transformation in production methods at the beginning of the 20th century. The following section examines the emergence of "Fordism" and the fundamental elements of the new system. The final section of this volume describes the extent to which mass production has spread through the wider economy and the ways in which it has changed in the process. In the second volume, the first section covers the impact of mass production on work and the workers. The second section looks at how Japan has exploited the principles of mass production and may indeed have evolved a new form of productive organization. The concluding section raises the question of whether, in the late-20th century, the dominance of mass production is in decline.