Educational research theorists have accepted that different methods are appropriate in different circumstances: that a multi-method approach is therefore the best option. This has given a spurious legitimacy to the idea that members of the education research community share a common purpose, a common way of looking at educational matters and a common epistemology. The contributors to this book demonstrate that this is far from true. They offer six different perspectives on the relationship that is central to the creation of knowledge about educational systems, institutions and actors: between the knower and what they come to know. They argue that this aspect must be examined whether education research is conceptualized as value-free or value-impregnated. The book moves from a defence of the principle of value neutrality, through a position of partial and context-dependant detachment, to a discussion of post-modern perspectives. Further chapters address the practice of educational hermeneutics, reflexivity in educational research and the need for value introspection in methodology.