Based on taped interviews with each former victim, this book tells the stories of ten female survivors of the Holocaust. Their backgrounds varied as to country of origin, size of family, economic resources, education of parents, and length and type of incarceration. In spite of their varied backgrounds, however, many common denominators emerged in their strategies for survival. The volume also includes a questionnaire for Holocaust survivors. This research provides insights into early traumatization, and should prove useful to scholars in Holocaust studies, women's studies, psychology, sociology, law enforcement, gerontology, history and humanities.